1. Divested
2. Bared
3. Denuded
4. Unclothed
5. Unadorned
6. Unattired
7. Unsheathed
8. Exposed
9. Unveiled
10. Unwrapped
11. Disrobed
12. Discovered
13. Unmasked
14. Unshrouded
15. Unswathed
16. Uncovered
17. Unrobed
18. Uncloaked
19. Unvested
20. Unvestured
21. Unshod
22. Unattached
23. Unbuttoned
24. Unlaced
25. Unzipped
26. Undraped
27. Unclasped
28. Unsheathed
29. Unshuttered
30. Unclothed

When looking for synonyms for the word “stripped”, there are many great ideas to choose from. Whether you’re looking for the best word to use in a creative writing piece or to replace the word in a sentence, there are a variety of options to choose from. Some of the best synonyms for stripped include divested, bared, denuded, unclothed, unadorned, unattired, unsheathed, exposed, unveiled, unwrapped, and disrobed. These words provide an effective alternative to stripped and can be used to replace it in any context. Additionally, there are many other words for stripped such as discovered, unmasked, unshrouded, unswathed, uncovered, unrobed, uncloaked, unvested, unvestured, unshod, unattached, unbuttoned, unlaced, unzipped, undraped, unclasped, unsheathed, unshuttered, and unclothed. With so many options, it’s easy to find the best word to use in any context.